Cai Yanhou and Cai Ｌi
（Higher Education Research Institute， Central South University；Foreign Languages Institute， Beijing Information Science and Technology University）
Abstract: A purpose of the university evaluation ranking is to facilitate the general development of a university’s education quality. The general education quality of a university is embodied in its feature, its comprehensiveness and its first-rateness. The university evaluation ranking facilitates the general development of its education quality in three ways: the single index ranking facilitates its feature development, multi-index ranking facilitates the comprehensive development, and the comprehensive ranking facilitates its development toward a first-class university. A empirical study is conducted in these three ways. The features of 37 985-project universities are inspected according to their 29 single index ranking in 4 aspects: discipline construction, teaching resource construction, scientific research and talents cultivation. A comprehensive inspection of 33 985-project national key comprehensive universities and science and engineering universities with graduate schools established in 1978 is conducted according to their rankings in certain years in three aspects: ordinary scientific contribution, major scientific contribution and outstanding talents contribution. Condition constraint method, percentage method and star level method are used to determine whether a university is a firstclass one.
Key Words: University Evaluation Ranking; General Education Quality of a University; Development of Education; Characteristics of University