Abstract: Quality competitiveness evaluation lack of unified theoretical logic. Based on the existing literature research, starting from the connotation of the quality, build an unified theoretical logic between ‘quality’ and ‘competitiveness’. Based on this logic, ‘Diamond Model’ is selected to be the basis of manufacturing quality competit iveness evaluation system. The fit between ‘Diamond Model’ and the connotation of the quality is found. A quality competitiveness model and index system which include quality factor, quality requirements, related industry support, industry structure and competitive, and government quality supervision and regional development opportunity and so on six dimensions was build based on ‘Diamond Model’. Evaluation model reflects the essential connotation of "quality" and the core status, makes up for the inadequacy of existing evaluation idea and method in theory.
Key words: Manufacturing; quality competitiveness; basic theory; diamond model; evaluation model